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HomeHealth LawHighlight on Venous Thromboembolism (blood clots) | Medical Negligence and Private Harm...

Highlight on Venous Thromboembolism (blood clots) | Medical Negligence and Private Harm Weblog | Kingsley Napley

A blood clot is a semi-solid mass of blood cells and different substances that type inside blood vessels. It will possibly block a vein or an artery, stopping blood from reaching organs, with probably devastating penalties. It is important that signs of a clot are recognised and handled shortly in any other case they are often life threatening or trigger everlasting harm. Sadly, misdiagnosis and delays in analysis usually are not unusual and these, together with different failures within the administration of blood clots, can result in claims for medical negligence.  

Clots can type in any a part of the physique.  The time period Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) is used to explain two interrelated circumstances – Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Shockingly, in response to Thrombosis UK, VTE is the commonest explanation for preventable hospital deaths.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

DVT is a blood clot that happens in one of many deep veins of the physique, mostly one of many bigger veins within the leg such because the femoral vein.

It is rather essential {that a} DVT is identified and handled as quickly as potential. The longer a DVT is left untreated, the more serious the end result can develop into. Untreated, a DVT can block or limit blood movement to the arteries within the limb, making amputation crucial. A part of the clot may break free probably leading to a pulmonary embolism.

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

A pulmonary embolism occurs when a clot turns into lodged in an artery within the lungs stopping or limiting blood movement.

PE is probably the most severe situation inside the spectrum of VTE and has a excessive mortality fee. Immediate recognition of PE is paramount.

Analysis lately printed within the Well being Sciences Overview means that, in an emergency division setting, greater than 27 p.c of sufferers with PE are initially misdiagnosed and half of all these in inpatient settings are misdiagnosed.

To forestall PE, initially a DVT should be recognised so remedy could be administered to cut back the danger of the clot breaking into the blood stream.


A blood clot / DVT could trigger throbbing or cramping ache, swelling and redness and heat in a leg or arm. A PE could end in sudden breathlessness, sharp chest ache and a cough or the coughing up of blood.

Do I’ve a declare?

Blood clots usually tend to happen in sedentary conditions, for instance, following surgical procedure. Certainly, Thrombus UK says that 55 to 60 p.c of VTEs occur throughout or after hospitalisation.

In accordance with pointers set by the Nationwide Institute for Well being and Care Excellence (NICE) all sufferers over 16 who’re admitted to hospital ought to be assessed for his or her VTE danger and preventative measures taken the place wanted.

You will need to be certain that sufferers keep hydrated and are energetic each time potential. The place there’s an recognized danger, blood thinning medicine (anticoagulants) would possibly have to be prescribed. Significantly, this may increasingly happen the place a affected person has different VTE danger components, for instance being chubby, a smoker, or having sure circumstances reminiscent of Crohn’s illness. Strain stockings may additionally be beneficial to help with blood movement.

Claims for medical negligence can come up the place an insufficient evaluation of danger results in a preventable blood clot. An instance can be a failure to prescribe blood thinners post-surgery for somebody in danger or an absence of appropriate recommendation. A failure to diagnose a DVT in time may additionally end in a declare the place a PE is subsequently suffered.

VTE Case research


  • Certainly one of our solicitors acted for a person in his 40s who suffered from unexplained calf ache. On attending his GP and A&E he was suggested that the signs had been resulting from sciatica. He had no historical past of again issues in any way. This was a snap analysis with no correct investigation or examination of his vascular system. His situation worsened over time and finally he was unable to stroll. When admitted to hospital his foot was discovered to be chilly and pale. A femoral artery blood clot was discovered however by this time it was too late to function to avoid wasting the leg and he needed to endure an amputation. The declare settled after situation of courtroom continuing for a seven-figure sum.
  • Certainly one of our solicitors additionally acted for a chemotherapy affected person who suffered with comparable signs. Regardless of the well-known sturdy affiliation between some chemotherapy medication and deep vein thrombosis his situation was not identified shortly and after ready 13 hours to be seen in A&E he needed to  endure an above knee amputation on account of NHS negligence. The declare settled with out the necessity for courtroom proceedings for a really important sum.

How we will help

We concentrate on VTE claims and perceive how devastating the impacts could be. We offer our purchasers with the best degree of help from the outset and work with main consultants, together with these within the subject of vascular surgical procedure, to evaluate a declare. We be certain that any bundle of compensation obtained is maximised and that consideration is given to all future wants and losses. The place a declare is introduced on behalf of somebody who has died, compensation could be obtained for a lack of dependency, each emotionally and financially.


You probably have any questions relating to this weblog, please contact James Bell or a member of the Medical Negligence and Private Harm Apply, or name us on 020 7814 1200.



James Bell is the top of our Medical Negligence and Private Harm observe and joined the agency in 2023 from Hodge, Jones & Allen. He has undertaken medical negligence instances for over 20 years.  All through his profession James has handled a really wide selection of instances regarding all forms of negligence claims – delayed analysis instances, beginning accidents, anaesthetic accidents, surgical errors,  GP and hospital negligence, all forms of orthopaedic claims, together with advanced hip and knee substitute surgical procedure claims and and all forms of most cancers instances.




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